Harlem Renaissance: It’s time for cultural celebrations. African Americans lived through centuries of slavery and fighting for the abolition of the death penalty. The end of slavery did not bring the promised land many dreamed of. Instead, white survival was quickly, legally, and forcibly restored in the South, where eighty percent of African Americans lived. Beginning in the 1890s, African Americans migrated north in large numbers. The Great Migration eventually moved hundreds of thousands of African Americans from the rural South to the urban North. Many find common experiences in past histories and uncertain current situations. Instead of wallowing in self-pity, the newly disadvantaged have a glimmer of cultural pride. In fact, African American culture was revived during the Harlem Renaissance.
The Great Migration
The Great Migration of Nations began because of the “push” and “pull”. The look of copyright and Jim Crow laws gave many African Americans hope for a new life in the North. Hate gangs and hate crimes are a concern among African-American families in the South. The land title guarantee is not fulfilled. Many blacks worked as menials, stuck in an endless cycle of debt. In the 1890s, the pest destroyed cotton crops throughout the region, further exacerbating the crisis. All of these factors made African Americans want a better life. The economic development of the North created an attraction. Industrial jobs were plentiful and factory owners were looking everywhere for cheap labor.
Unfortunately, farmers did not welcome African Americans with open arms. Although the legal systems of the northern states had fewer restrictions on the rights of African Americans, prejudice among the population was just as strong. Whites complained that African Americans were flooding the labor market and driving down wages. Many new immigrants found the result of established customs in decaying urban slums. The largest of these is Harlem. Writers, actors, artists, and musicians celebrated African-American traditions while creating new ones.
Writers and actors
Langston Hughes was the most prolific writer of the Harlem Renaissance. Hughes rejected the influence of white poets and wrote in the rhythmic meter of blues and jazz. Claude McKay inspired African Americans to stand up for their rights in his powerful poetry. John Tumer wrote poems as well as plays and short stories that reflect the spirit of his time. Book publishers soon recognized and supported this talent. Zora Neale Hurston quickly gained recognition with her compelling novel God Has Been for the Eye. Music meets prose in a comedic musical form. His 1921 production of SHUFFLE ALONG is sometimes credited with starting the movement. Actor Paul Robeson captivated the audience with his memorable performances.
No aspect of the Harlem Renaissance influenced America and the world as much as jazz. JAZZ defied many musical conventions with its syncopated rhythms and spontaneous instrumental solos. Thousands of citizens came night after night to see the same actors. Development means no two shows are ever the same. The Cotton Club in Harlem was proud of Duke Ellington’s talent. Singers like BESSIE SMITH and BILLY HOLIDAY loved blues and jazz vocals. Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong attracted large audiences, including whites and African Americans caught up in the jazz fever.
The continuing hardships faced by African Americans in urban areas of the South and North were severe. The environment of the new American city brought together some of the greatest minds of the time. Harlem drew attention to great works that had been missed or had never been done. The results are amazing. There is no doubt that the artists of the Harlem Renaissance changed African American culture. But the influence on American culture was just as strong. for the first time,
Also read: Godfather Of Harlem !