IoT Developement: The concept of the Internet of Things (IoT) is very popular in mobile software development. Internet of Things solutions significantly simplify our daily life, receiving, classifying and processing data through special electronic equipment (various sensors, chips, video cameras, measuring devices, etc.).
The term “Internet of Things” refers to a homogeneous network that connects objects in the real world around us and supports the exchange of information between them without human participation. Interconnection methods can include any type and combination of wired (twisted pair, coaxial, power supply) and wireless (Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, NFC, cellular) connections. This process is an implementation of the “machine to machine” (M2M) principle.
What are the Benefits of the Internet of Things? The areas for implementing IoT are numerous. These can be intellectually managed apartments (so-called smart homes), medical facilities that automatically diagnose and determine treatments based on the results of anamnesis, and surveys or logistics companies that track the location of your vehicles in real time, etc. That is why the activities of many IT companies are increasingly targeting this huge segment of software development, and the cost of specialists in creating software in this field is gradually increasing. Want to learn more about IoT application development? In this article, we provide an overview of the main principles, rules, and tools for creating Internet of Things applications.
5 fundamental principles IoT developers should consider before creating an application
Ensure secure data collection. The collection of information through special equipment (sensors, etc.) is carried out outside the usual data transmission networks. Therefore, when developing a custom Internet of Things application, it is very important to think of ways to protect the information you receive (especially the integrity and security of the initial configuration on such devices and the mechanisms for encrypting sensitive data).
Organize your high-performance data stream. Typically, data collection systems consist of hundreds, even thousands of electronic devices. Therefore, for the efficient transmission of such large volumes of information, it is necessary to think of independent mechanisms that are different from traditional packet transfers.
Create an Internet of Things platform. The IoT platform is a set of software tools that collectively contribute to the systematization, storage and processing of data received from electronic devices.
Build an Internet of Things solution in the cloud. To ensure fast delivery of processed data to a user device and also to organize centralized storage, cloud solutions are generally used. Such systems can ensure efficient operation of the Internet of Things application with minimal operating costs and requirements for transmission networks.
Ensure efficient data management. In-memory analysis and data processing systems are the most widely used. These solutions ensure fast delivery of processed results to the end user, even in the event of failure of data collection devices.
Developing an application based on the Internet of Things: 4 consecutive steps
Choose the hardware. Devices designed to collect information are characterized by:
Extremely low levels of power consumption;
Wireless transmitters to support communication;
Primitive embedded operating system.
In most cases, the purchase of such equipment is not included in the list of tasks for the developer, because all popular platforms for developing Internet of Things applications are integrated with a number of physical and virtual tools to collect the necessary data.
Select centralized data storage. A similar cloud or a centralized repository is ideal for the accumulation, systematization and subsequent analysis of the collected data. In particular, cloud solutions are ideal for ensuring efficient data transmission over low-speed networks.
Develops server-side data management algorithms. To order and analyze the collected information, IoT application development platforms offer extensive functionality that allows you to create a high-performance, scalable and intelligent backend. Our article on IoT architecture might help you.
Create an interface. Almost all modern platforms for Internet of Things application development allow for the creation of comprehensive and easy-to-use front-end application interfaces with advanced search functions and intuitive structures.
Developing from scratch: choosing the best options for developing IoT applications
To help develop IoT applications from scratch, many special platforms have been created in recent years. We have listed the most popular ones below, which will allow you to create your own Internet of Things application as soon as possible.
How to develop an IoT application?
The first 5 tools to create an Internet of Things application
Azure IoT Suite. Azure IoT Suite is an incredibly popular software suite from Microsoft, created especially for the simple integration of information gathering devices into a consolidated data transfer, storage, analysis and processing system. Thanks to its cloud architecture, Azure IoT Suite provides access to a reliable and scalable storage bank for large volumes of information. Microsoft Azure Cloud is also complemented by an extensive list of advanced services, including Azure IoT Hub (for device-to-cloud and cloud-to-device messaging), Azure Stream Analytics (for data classification), Azure storage, Azure Cosmos DB (for secure metadata storage and device management) and Azure Web Apps Microsoft Power BI (to create interfaces).
Amazon web services. It is not news that one of the largest trading platforms in the world has introduced special tracking chips that allow it to monitor the location of goods at any stage of their delivery. To provide efficient data exchange between chips and hardware such as computers, Amazon Web Service was developed in 2006, which is a complete infrastructure of agnostic platforms, including file hosting, cloud computing, virtual servers, and more. The main advantages of this solution for the development of Internet of Things applications include increased security (according to DSS, FISMA, HIPAA and many other specifications), flexibility (due to the support of agnostic protocols) and adaptability (due to the architecture in Cloud).
IBM Watson. Artificial intelligence-based IBM Watson software implements support for a trusted relationship between information collection devices, servers, and user parts of developed applications. Creating such an application using IBM Watson services is very simple. With advanced functionality that enables fast connection of gateways and data collection equipment, careful storage and processing algorithms, real-time analysis tools, and advanced security measures, this intuitive set of tools enables rapid creation of Enterprise-grade Internet of Things applications. IBM Watson services are available on the popular cloud-based IBM Bluemix – PaaS platform based on the SoftLayer infrastructure, with support for Python, Java, Swift, Ruby, Node.js, PHP, and other equally popular development languages and frameworks. .
Oracle IoT. Oracle IoT is one of the most important software solutions for the development of Internet of Things applications, built on one of the most flexible programming environments: Oracle. Based on cloud computing technologies, applications built with Oracle IoT have a number of advanced capabilities, including device virtualization, high-speed messaging, endpoint management, flow processing, data enrichment, event storage, REST API support and business connectivity. These are just some of the features of Oracle IoT and is by no means an extensive list. In 2017, this platform was completed with new products: IoT Asset Monitoring Cloud, IoT Fleet Monitoring Cloud, IoT Production Monitoring Cloud and IoT Connected Worker Cloud, designed to
The open source KAA IoT platform provides an incredibly rich set of tools for developing IoT applications, incorporating best practices for creating software. KAA IoT has many advanced features; These include well-designed functionality to fine-tune mobile device compatibility, flexible management of an unlimited number of sensors to collect information via an SDK server, real-time sensor monitoring, cloud services, automation of software updates, distribution automated settings. users’ personal device, etc. All these characteristics, combined, make KAA IoT one of the most advanced products for the development of this type of software.
Read more: Smart Home Applications: Development, Best Cases, Trends 2019
Top 5 Growing Areas for IoT Applications
Smart homes. Automatic housing management systems are actively promoted in highly developed countries. Software for water, electricity, gas and heating resource planning, security and remote control systems is based on the concept of the Internet of Things and will soon reduce the need for human surveillance, becoming completely common attributes of everyday life.
How to develop an IoT application?
With retail. The retail industry opens up vast opportunities to develop applications for the Internet of Things. Branches of the business process such as supply chain control (monitoring the storage conditions of goods at each stage of their delivery) and smart purchasing (creating a collection of goods based on location, acceptable price range and individual consumer characteristics) are the most fertile for creating high-end Internet of Things software.
Electronic health care. Innovative health technologies are introduced every year. The IoT concept is actively used in the development of applications for monitoring patient status, diagnostics, monitoring of temperature, humidity and UV radiation in the storage of medical products, as well as the analysis of environmental conditions, etc.
Logistics. Logistics is one of the most viable areas to implement the Internet of Things. Using active and passive RFID tags, equipped with integrated GPS trackers, antennas and chips, these applications offer an integrated approach to tracking the location of transported goods. To transform the data collected from the sensors, logistics companies hire professionals to develop highly specialized software based on the Internet of Things. These solutions are compatible even with low-performance mobile devices.
Manufacturing. The machine-to-machine principle was the forerunner of the concept of the Internet of Things, with a simpler structure (unlike M2M, IoT involves the use of middleware for data processing). it have become an indispensable attribute of industrial software in recent years. However, existing M2M solutions can be integrated into the Internet of Things. An example of this is software for implementing production tasks. Solutions include digital product quality control systems aswell, asset management systems, production equipment management systems, etc.
Given the relevance of the Internet of Things, there are many resources and training tools today that will allow the creation of IoT solutions in a relatively short time. Furthermore, the money spent on developing IoT applications in the coming years will increase rapidly. This indicates the great potential of the IoT ecosystem.
We can say that the development of IoT is one of the most promising sectors in the IT field. We at applikeysolutions.com have already created more than 20 similar projects in the last year and have all the necessary experience to help realize each client’s vision. Numerous areas for the application of the Internet of Things, as well as a wide selection of platforms and programming languages for the creation of suitable applications, provide our developers with vast resources and skills to make the process fruitful for all parties involved.